2012年6月24日 星期日

Buddhism in Translation: 原始佛典選譯 / Sayings of the Buddha from the Pali Nikayas 片山一良《佛的語言──巴利佛典入門》

Sayings of the Buddha

New translations from the Pali Nikayas

Translated by Rupert Gethin
368 pages | map | 196x129mm
978-0-19-283925-1 | Paperback | 09 October 2008 

  • Buddhist religious belief and philosophy derive from the teachings of Gotama the Buddha, and this new translation offers the best selection of his most important sayings across a full range of themes and literary style.
  • The most critically up-to-date edition.
  • Scholarly and readable translation that offers a wide selection of complete discourses within a single volume.
  • The only anthology of material exclusively from the Pali Nikayas, one of the oldest and most important sources for the teachings of the Buddha.
'As if someone were to hold up a lamp in the dark so that those with eyes could see - in exactly the same way Gotama has made the truth clear in various ways.'
Gotama the Buddha, who lived the life of a wandering ascetic in northern India during the fifth century BCE, is looked to as the founder of one of the world's major religions. One of the main sources for knowledge of his teachings is the four Pali Nikayas or 'collections' of his sayings. Written in Pali, an ancient Indian language closely related to Sanskrit, the Nikayas are among the oldest Buddhist texs and consist of more than one and a half million words. This new translation offers a selection of the Buddha's most important sayings reflecting the full variety of material contained in the Nikayas: the central themes of the Buddha's teaching (his biography, philosophical discourse, instruction on morality, meditation, and the spiritual life) and the range of literary style (myth, dialogue, narrative, short sayings, verse).Readership: students and readers of religious texts, Buddhism, Indian religion, history, and culture

Translated by Rupert Gethin, Reader in Buddhist Studies, University of Bristol


 Nikāya is a word of meaning "collection", "assemblage", "class" or "group" in both Pāḷi and Sanskrit.[1] It is most commonly used in reference to the Buddhist texts of the Sutta Piṭaka, but can also refer to the monastic divisions of Theravāda Buddhism. In addition, the term Nikāya schools is sometimes used in contemporary scholarship to refer to the early Buddhist schools, of which the Theravāda is one.

Text collections

In the Theravāda canon (in particular, the "Discourse Basket" or Sutta Piṭaka) the meaning of nikāya is roughly equivalent to the English collection, and is used to describe groupings of discourses according to theme, length, or other categories. For example, the Sutta Piṭaka is broken up into five nikāyas:
In the other early Buddhist schools the alternate term āgama was used instead of nikāya to describe their Sutra Piṭakas. Thus the non-Mahāyāna portion of the Sanskrit-language Sutra Piṭaka is referred to as "the Āgamas" by Mahāyāna Buddhists. The Āgamas survive for the most part only in Tibetan and Chinese translation. They correspond closely with the Pāḷi nikāyas.

Monastic divisions

Among the Theravāda nations of Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka, nikāya is also used as the term for a monastic division or lineage; these groupings are also sometimes called "monastic fraternities" or "frateries". Nikāyas may emerge among monastic groupings as a result of royal or government patronage (such as the Dhammayuttika Nikāya of Thailand, due to the national origin of their ordination lineage (the Siyam Nikāya of Sri Lanka), because of differences in the interpretation of the monastic code, or due to other factors (such as the Amarapura Nikāya in Sri Lanka, which emerged as a reaction to caste restrictions within the Siyam Nikāya). These divisions do not rise to the level of forming separate sects within the Theravāda tradition, because they do not typically follow different doctrines or monastic codes, nor do these divisions extend to the laity.
In Myanmar, nikayas (monastic orders) have emerged in response to the relative conservativeness with which the Vinayas are interpreted, and the hierarchical structure within the nikaya. Since 1980, no new nikayas have been allowed, and there are a total of 9 legally-recognized monastic orders in Burma today, under the 1990 Law Concerning Sangha Organizations.[2] The largest of these is the Thudhamma Nikaya, which was founded in the 1800s during the Konbaung dynasty.

See also


原始佛典選譯 台北:慧炬 1970

Buddhism in Translation: Passages Selected from the Buddhist Sacred Books

, 第 1915 冊
Kessinger Publishing, 2003/8/1 - 544 頁
This work is volume three of the Harvard Oriental Series. The materials for this book are drawn ultimately from the Pali writings of Ceylon & Burma, that is to say they are to be found in palm leaf manuscripts of those countries, written in the Singhalese or Burmese alphabet, as the case may be, but always in the same Pali language, a tongue very akin to the Sanskrit. These Pali writings furnish the most authoritative account of the Buddha & his doctrine that we have. Contents: Buddha; Sentient Existence; Karma & Rebirth; Meditation & Nirvana; The Order; The Five Groups.


The Story of Sumedha 5

A List of former Buddhas 32

The Characteristics of a Future Buddha 33

The Birth of The Buddha 38
The young Gotamid Prince 48
The Great Retirement 56
The Great Struggle 67
The devoted Wife 264

Friendship 267

Virtue is its own Reward 269

The Haremark in the Moon 274


The Way of Purity 285

Concentration 288

The Thirtyone Grades of Being 289

The Attainment of Buddhaship 73

First Events after the Attainment of Buddhaship 83

The Conversion of Sariputta and Moggallana 87

The Buddhas daily Habits 91

The Death of The Buddha 95


Questions which tend not to Edification 117

King Milinda and Nagasena come to an Understanding 128

There is no Ego 129

All Signs of an Ego are Absent 146

No continuous Personal Identity 148

The Mind less permanent than the Body 150

What is Unity or One? 153

Analysis of the Human Being 155

21 The Composition of the Body 157

On getting Angry 159

Inanimate Nature 164

The Middle Doctrine 165

Ignorance 170

Karma 179

Consciousness 182

Name and Form 184

The Six Organs of Sense 186

Sensation 187

Attachment 189

Existence 194

Birth etc 201

Discussion of Dependent Origination 202


Be a Friend to Yourself 213

The Cause of Inequality in the World 214

Fruitful and barren Karma 215

The Death of Moggallana 221

Good and bad Karma 226

How to obtain Wealth Beauty and Social Position 228

The Round of Existence 232

Is this to be my Last Existence? 233

Bebirth is not Transmigration 234

Reflections on Existence 242

Different kinds of Death 252

How Existence in Hell is Possible 253

Deaths Messengers 255

The Three Warnings 259

The Ass in the Lions Skin 262

The Forty Subjects of Meditation 291

The Earthkasina 293

Beauty is but Skindeep 297

The Conversion of Animals 301

Love for Animals 302

The Six High Powers 303

Spiritual Law in the Natural World 307

Going Further and Faring Worse 308

Sariputta and the Two Demons 313

Worldcycles 315

Wisdom 330

The Summum Bonum 331

Mara as Plowman 349

The Firesermon 351

The Four Intent Contemplations 353

The Attainment of the Paths 376

7fi Nirvana to b attained at Death 380

The Trance of Cessation 383


Conduct 393

The Serpent who wanted to be a Priest 401

The Buddhist Confession of Priests 402

The Order receive leave to dwell in Houses 411

Residence during the Rainy Season 414

The Mendicant Ideal 417

The Value of Training in Religion 420

The colorless Life 421

Can the Saint suffer? 422

The Body is an open Sore 423

Heaven not the Highest Good 424

The Angereating Demon 426

Contentment is Riches 428

The Story of a Priest 430

The young StoneThrower 432

And hate not his father and mother 434

No Buddhist should commit Suicide 436

The Admission of Women to the Order 441

A Family of Magicians 448

The Story of Visakha 451

The Buddhist Apocalypse 481

APPENDIX 103 The Five Groups 487


corrections most of them trifling The changes at page 87 line 10 and page 125 501


作者曾去牛津大學追隨 R. Gombrich 宗教人類學 某次復活節參加英國宗教聚會 
閃光燈下眾人都投以奇怪目光 雖然事先徵得同意 他最後還是決定"述學"路線
"千千為敵 一夫勝之 未若自伏 為戰中勝" (法句經)

Dear HC,

   ...... 買片山一良《佛的語言──巴利佛典入門》


Ken Su




作者 片山一良[日]
譯者 楊金萍,肖平
北 京:宗教文化出版社 2012

目录 · · · · · ·

中國版序  片山一良

目錄 · · · · · ·中文版序 (日)片山 
序章 何謂巴利佛典何謂佛巴利佛典佛語世界

第一章 長部經典長部經典的構成梵網經沙門果經大般涅槃經大念處經世起經善生經

第二章 中部經典中部經典的構成1.根本五十經篇2.中分五十經篇3.後分五十經篇

第三章 相應部經典相應部經典的構成1.有偈篇2.因緣篇3.蘊篇4.六處篇5.大篇

第四章 增支部經典增支部經典的構成1.一法集2.二法集3.三法集4.四法集5.五法集6.六法集7.七法集8.八法集9.九法集10.十法集11.十一法集

第五章 小部經典小部經典的構成  209